What is a wooden crate box work? Crate is a large shipping container, often made of wood, typically used to transport or store large, heavy items. Specialized crates were designed for specific products, and were often made to be reusable, such as the “bottle crates” for milk and soft drinks. But now most of these bottle crates have changed into plastic crates instead of wood.
Crates can be made of wood, plastic, metal or other materials. The term crate often implies a large and strong container. Most plastic crates are smaller and are more commonly called a case or container. Metal is rarely used because of its weight. When metal is used, a crate is often constructed as an open crate and may be termed a cage. Although a crate may be made of any material, for these reasons, the term ‘crate’ used alone often implies one constructed of wood.
A wooden crate has a self-supporting structure, with or without sheathing. For a wooden container to be a crate, all six of its sides must be put in place to result in the rated strength of the container. Crates are distinct from wooden boxes. The strength of a wooden box is rated based on the weight it can carry before the top (top, ends, and sides) is installed, whereas the strength of a crate is rated with the top in place. In general conversation, the term crate is sometimes used to denote a wooden box.
History of Wooden Crate or Wooden Box
Crates had been used for many years without a clear origin in documented history. Modern crates from the early 20th century demonstrate a very evolved technology already considering practical and economic considerations built into crate designs. Moving heavy products such as enameled cast iron sinks, bathtubs, and lavatories were often done without any packaging prior to 1910, which lead to nearly 20% losses due to chipping of the enamel in shipping. Some manufacturers assumed that protecting the product in rugged crating would reduce their losses, however, they found that railroad and shipping workers would handle the crates much more roughly when in a heavy crate, and losses actually increased. The technological solution was to pack enameled bathware into open crates, which allowed the shipment to be lighter and cheaper, the handlers to use more precautions knowing what merchandise was being shipped, and allowed the customer to inspect the purchase at arrival before opening it.
JSX Lab we provide 3D design before we start construct the wooden crate call us now to find out more. There are many variations of wooden crate designs. By far the most common are ‘closed’, ‘open’ and ‘framed’. A Closed Crate is one that is completely or nearly completely enclosed with material such as plywood or lumber boards. An Open Crate is one that (typically) uses lumber for sheathing. The sheathing is typically gapped at various distances. There is no strict definition of an open crate as compared to a closed crate. Typically when the gap between boards is greater than the distance required for expansion, the crate would be considered an open crate. The gap between boards would typically not be greater than the width of the sheathing boards. When the gap is larger, the boards are often considered ‘cleats’ rather than sheathing thus rendering the crate unsheathed. An unsheathed crate is a frame crate. A Frame Crate is one that only contains a skeletal structure and no material is added for surface or pilferage protection. Typically an open crate will be constructed of 12 pieces of lumber, each along an outer edge of the content and more lumber placed diagonally to avoid distortion from torque.
When any type of crate reaches a certain size, more boards may be added. These boards are often called cleats. A cleat is used to provide support to a panel when that panel has reached a size that may require added support based on the method of transportation. Cleats may be placed anywhere between the edges of a given panel. On crates, cleat placement is often determined by the width of the plywood used on plywood sheathed crates. On other crates, cleats are often evenly spaced as required to strengthen the panel. Sometimes two cleats are added across the top panel of a crate placed as needed to give the top of the crate added strength where lifting chains or straps may press on the crate while lifting. When the dimensions of a crate side necessitate more than one piece of plywood be used in that crate side’s construction, additional boards called ‘battens’ are used to cover and provide support to the seams between abutting pieces of plywood. Battens are typically wider than cleats, but do not need to be so.
Cleats may have more specific names based on the added benefit they provide. Some published standards only use those more descriptive terms and may never refer to these various lumber components as cleats. For example, lumber placed under the top of a wood container to add support for a large top is called “joists”. Lumber is built into the midsection of the top of a wood container to strengthen the top are called “cleats”. When the cleats are enlarged and constructed to support a large top, they may generically be termed “cleats” or more specifically be termed “joists”.
“Skids” or thick bottom runners, are sometimes specified to allow forklift trucks access for lifting.
Transportation methods and storage conditions must always be considered when designing a crate. Every step of the transportation chain will result in different stresses from shock and vibration. Differences in pressure, temperature and humidity may not only adversely affect the content of the crate, but also will have an effect on the holding strength of the fasteners (mostly the nails and staples) in the crate. In some countries, any wooden crate being designed to ship overseas must be treated to ISPM 15 standards or commonly known as the “bug stamp” to prevent the spread of disease and insects.
Although the above definition almost always stands true, there are many slightly altered or ‘sub-definitions’ used by and in various organizations, agencies and documents. This is the result of the small size of the industry and the fact that a single, finite definition of an item that is different every time it is made can be difficult to define.
JSX Lab No.1 Wooden Box supplier in Malaysia Johor and Singapore.
We offer the best quality wooden crate, wooden box, plywood cases and shipping boxes online at the best price to our Malaysia Johor Bahru and Singapore customers. We also provide onsite packing services. Simply visit our Shop section to access our secure checkout. To speak with our team, you can call us at +6012 727 0188. Because we understand that each customer has a different budget, we work closely to find the best solution.
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All JSX Lab wooden box, wooden crates, plywood cases and shipping boxes have been Heat Treated with ISPM 15 certified. You can browse our entire range of box sizes and types to find the right one for you. Secure delivery is available for all orders. We deliver to Singapore and Malaysia. If you need bulk orders or have questions, please feel free to contact our team.
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